International

West African Ebola Outbreak;WHO calls for an International Public Health Emergency.

ebola-virus-guinea-border.siWorld Health Organization (WHO) experts, after having a two-day meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, to discuss in response to the outbreak of the West African Ebola has declared a global health emergency.Since a public health emergency is been declared,detailed plans to identify, isolate and treat cases with Ebola will be performed and as well as an impose on travel restrictions to the affected areas will be done.

Ebola, a viral hemorrhagic fever, which is one of the deadliest diseases known to humans, with a fatality rate of up to 54 % currently and that have had even reached up to 90 % as per the WHO data, in some of the outbreaks earlier. Ebola virus disease (EVD) or Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) is caused by the Ebola virus.

It is spread through contact with the bodily fluids of Ebola patients showing symptoms.Ebola first appeared in 1976 in 2 simultaneous outbreaks, in Nzara, Sudan, and in Yambuku, Democratic Republic of Congo. The latter was in a village situated near the Ebola River, from which the disease takes its name.Symptoms include high fever, bleeding and central nervous system damage.
The most sad and the most feared part of the story is that there is no cure or vaccine for Ebola but patients have a better chance of survival if they receive early treatment.

The recent outbreak first began in Guinea in March 2014 and in its initial outbreak, the virus has spread to Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Nigeria. The recent outbreak is the most severe Ebola virus outbreak recorded in regard to the number of both human cases and fatalities. A total of 1711 suspected cases with 932 deaths have been reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) as of 4th August 2014, of which 1070 cases and 603 deaths have been laboratory confirmed to be Ebola. Most of the latest Ebola fatalities have come from Liberia.

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